Belonging to the class of drugs known as Benzodiazepines, Valium is a prescription drug used to treat anxiety, alcohol disorders and seizures. Valium works by affecting chemicals in the brain which might be unbalanced due to anxiety.
How it works?
Upon ingestion, the drug gets attached to certain benzodiazepine receptors in your brain hence boosting the activity of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter which reduces the activity of the brain. As a result, it produces a calming effect.
How to administer Valium?
Valium can be given to patients three times a day with a dose of 0.25 to Valium 5 mg intake every time. The prescribed description varies by:
- severity of condition
- other medical conditions
- Response to the treatment
Your dosage, under physician’s supervision, can be moderated every 3 to 4 days to achieve a maximum therapeutic effect. The patients can be subjected to maximum dose of 4 mg per day.
Dosage for anxiety disorders
For Anxiety Disorders
Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years) | Dosage: 2 mg to 10 mg, 2 to 4 times daily varying according to severity of symptoms.
For Alcohol Withdrawal
Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years) | Dosage: 10 mg, 3 or 4 times during the first 24 hours, reducing to 5 mg, 3 or 4 times daily
Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years) | Dosage: 2 mg to 10 mg, 2 to 4 times daily
Keep your doctor well-informed about any allergies with Benzodiazepines.Similarly, inform your doctor if you suffer from these conditions:
- severe lung/breathing problems
- liver disease,
- kidney disease
- substance use disorder
Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially loss of coordination and drowsiness. These side effects can increase the risk of falling.
Refrain from using Valium during pregnancy due to the potential for harm to an unborn baby. This drug passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant.
Side effects of Valium
- Being forgetful
- clumsiness or unsteadiness
- difficulty/fumble in speech
- difficulty with coordination
- feeling sad or empty
- lack of appetite