Known as antiepileptic and anticonvulsant, Clonazepam is used to treat and control seizures and to treat panic attacks. Belonging to a class of drugs known as Benzodiazepines, it works by calming your brain and nerves.
How it works?
When Clonazepam is ingested it increases the activity of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA is a neurotransmitter which inhibits or suppresses certain signals to transmit through brain. It works by attaching to protein receptors known as GABA receptors. When certain messaging is blocked from being transmitted, the result comes in the form of calming effect. Therefore, it is commonly used to treat seizures and panic attacks. It is also used to treat anxiety, stress and depression. Though it controls the symptoms of stress and depression, generally it is preferred for treating anxieties.
How to administer Clonazepam?
Generally, this medication is taken 2-3 days time daily at the same time to maximize its effectiveness. The 1.5 mg/daily dose is divided into 3 parts. However, it can be increased by a factor of 0.5 mg and 1 mg with maximum permissible dosage/day limited to 20mg/day.
Dosage varies from patients depending on their age, gender, medical condition, medicines they’re currently administering with Clonazepam and their reaction to the medicine.
General Clonazapem dosage to treat different medical conditions.
For Panic Disorder
Initial dose: 0.25 mg orally 2 times per day
Maintenance dose: 1 mg orally per day
Maximum dose: 4 mg/day
For Seizure Prophylaxis
Up to 10 years of age OR 30 kg body weight:
- Initial Dose 0.01 mg/kg/day to 0.05 mg/kg/day orally administered in 2 or 3 divided doses
- Maintenance dose: 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg/day
10 years or older OR 30 kg and over
- Initial Dose: 1.5 mg orally per day divided into 3 doses;
- Maintenance Dose: Can be increased by a factor of 0.5 mg to 1 mg every 3 days until seizures are adequately controlled or until side effects preclude any further increase.
- Maximum dose: 20 mg/day
A few of patients administering anticonvulsants for conditions such as seizures, bipolar disorder, pain) can experience
- suicidal thoughts/attempts,